A - C

Anaesthesiology is the medical speciality concerned with the use of drugs or other agents that blocks or temporarily takes away the body’s sensation (including the feeling of pain). It is a pharmacologically induced and reversible state of amnesia, analgesia, loss of responsiveness, loss of skeletal muscle reflexes, decreased stress response, or all of these simultaneously. Anaesthesiology is the continuity of patient care involving preoperative evaluation, intraoperative and postoperative care. There are many sub-specialties covered within anaesthesiology including cardiothoracic anaesthesiology, critical care, obstetrical and paediatric anaesthesiology, neuroanaesthesia and pain management.

Sunway Medical Centre offers a full range of anaesthetic specialities including clinical anaesthesia, surgical intensive unit and pain management.

Addiction is one of the most important, difficult, and complex areas of mental health. However, addiction is a treatable condition which often involves behavioural therapy and counseling. It is common for people who have a drug or alcohol addiction to have an underlying mental health condition or significant emotional or psychological difficulty. As such, cognitive behavioral therapy is also used to help patients identify, avoid, and cope with situations in which they are most likely to abuse drugs or activities.

Treatment involves helping the patient withdraw from the problem substance or activity. Therapy will help the patient cope with the physical and psychological effects that occur when substance-taking stops. The patient may experience withdrawal symptoms such as nausea and vomiting, chills and sweats, muscle cramps and aches, sleeplessness, shifts in heart rate, depression, anxiety, irritability, and mood swings. Addiction therapy helps patients regain a better quality of life that enables them to work and use their skills.

Arthroplasty is a surgical procedure to reconstruct or replace the integrity and function of a joint. A joint can be restored by reshaping the bones or replacing it with metal or plastic parts like a prosthesis. Although many types of of arthritis may affect the joints, osteoarthritis is the most common reason for arthroplasty.

When medical treatments are no longer adequate in providing relief from joint pain and/or disability, arthroplasty may be recommended. Most joint surgery involves the hip and knee, and less commonly on the ankle, elbow, shoulder, and fingers. Arthroplasty can relieve pain and restore enough function in a joint to allow a person to do normal daily activities; and provide substantial improvement in the patient’s quality of life.

Breast surgery is a sub-specialty where the surgeon has expertise in treating all diseases of the breast especially in the more up to date surgical techniques in breast cancer treatment. We understand that a woman’s breasts can be an important part of how she feels emotionally and sexually about herself. In our hospital, oncoplastic breast surgery that combines the latest plastic surgery techniques with removal of the cancerous lump will be offered when a large lumpectomy is required that will leave the breast distorted. The remaining tissue is sculpted to realign the nipple and areola with the aim to restore a natural appearance to the breast shape. The opposing breast will also be modified to create symmetry. This is a good option for patients who are candidates for breast conservation therapy or lumpectomy, and are also candidates for breast reduction or mastopexy (breast lift). We also offer immediate and delayed breast reconstruction if mastectomy is needed.

Cardiology is a medical specialty dealing with disorders of the heart be it human or animal. The field includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular heart disease and electrophysiology.

Cardiothoracic surgery involves minimally invasive and open heart surgeries for valve repair and replacements, and coronary artery bypasses, and various surgeries for diseases of the lungs, esophagus and chest wall. Conditions treated under cardiothoracic surgery include heart valve disease, coronary artery disease, aortic aneurysm, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, congenital heart disease, achalasia, esophageal cancer, GERD/hiatial hernia, lung cancer, mediastinal tumours, and benign and malignant airway problems.

Colorectal surgery refers to procedures involving the repair of damage to the colon, rectum, anus and pelvic floor. These are often a result of diseases of the lower digestive tract, such as cancer, diverticulitis and inflammatory bowel disease. Minimally invasive alternatives to surgery involving endoscopy and colonoscopy are also offered as outpatient treatment.

Upper GI endoscopy examines the lining of the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum by passing a small, endoscope through the mouth into the stomach. To screen for colorectal cancer and look for bleeding or noncancerous growths like polyps, a flexible sigmoidoscopy is performed using a fibre-optic camera to examine the rectum, sigmoid and colon. Another common procedure is a colonoscopy which is used to diagnose colon and rectal problems, perform biopsies and remove noncancerous growths – a long flexible colonoscope is inserted through the rectum and allows the physician to examine the lining of the rectum and colon.

Clinical Oncology is concerned on the usage of Radiotherapy and Chemotherapy to treat and to manage patients who suffer with cancer. Clinical Oncologists also work very closely with a multidisciplinary team that determine which type of treatment to be used by considering the range of factors including the cancer type, the stages of the cancer towards the patient’s general health, and the site of the tumour. They then assess the benefits and conditions of different treatment before making an informed decision.

We have State-of-the-Art machines which we provide to administer the cancer treatment:

  • INTRABEAM Intraoperative Radiation Therapy (IORT):
    It is an innovative therapy which is administered at the time of lumpectomy, following tumour removal.
  • Brachytherapy:
    A procedure which includes a combination with external beam radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which is accurate on delivering radiation directly to the tumour inside the body and it reduces the risks of side effects.
  • Varian TrueBeam STx:
    It uses 3D imaging to target and treat tumours  that are located in the lung, breast, head and neck, abdomen, liver and other regions.
  • Leksell Gamma Knife® Icon™:
    A  highly sophisticated non-invasive treatment that uses a beam of radiation to damage targeted cancerous tumours in a very precise manner while minimising exposure to healthy surrounding tissues and critical structures.

D - F

Sunway Medical’s Dental Centre offers comprehensive oral care via multi-disciplinary teams such as dental surgeons, oral maxillofacial surgeons and orthodontists. They carry out screening and general dental check-ups, dental radiographic investigation/ biopsy, and diagnosis and treatment of dental conditions for both adults and children.

Areas of dentistry include:

Diagnostic Preventive
Prophylaxis Implant
Restorative Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology
Endodontics Orthodontics
Peridontics Pediatric Dentistry
Oral Surgery Aesthetic Dentistry

Dermatology is the branch of medicine dealing with the skin and its diseases. A dermatologist diagnoses and treats problems relating to the skin, scalp, hair and nails. Dermatologists not only treat skin diseases but advise patients on good skin care practices for a variety of skin conditions.

Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) or Otolaryngology is a medical speciality relating to the ear, nose and throat, including the head and neck. Some conditions relating to this branch of medicine include rhinitis, laryngitis, earache, tinnitus, ear infections, hearing loss, sleep apnea, rhinoplasty, tonsillectomy, adenoidectomy and others.

One of the niche procedures that the ENT surgeon performs is the cochlear implant surgery for patients with profound hearing loss.

Endocrinology is a speciality of internal medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to hormones, such as diabetes and thyroid disorders. This branch of medicine covers human functions including the coordination of metabolism, respiration, reproduction, sensory perception and movement. Endocrinology also focuses on the endocrine glands and tissues that secrete hormones.

G - I

Gastroenterology is a medical and surgical speciality that deals with the digestive system and its disorders. Diseases affecting the gastrointestinal tract, which includes the organs from mouth to anus, along the alimentary canal, are the focus of this speciality.

Hepatology encompasses the study of the liver, gallbladder, pancreas and biliary tree.

General Surgery is a discipline where the surgeon diagnoses and treats a wide spectrum of diseases. The areas which General Surgery cover include alimentary tract, abdomen and its contents, breast, skin and soft tissue, endocrine system, solid organ transplantation, paediatric surgery, surgical critical care, surgical oncology (including head and neck), trauma/burns, and vascular surgery.

Some General Surgeons also sub-specialise into one or more disciplines.

Gynaecological oncology is dedicated to the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of every type and stage of cancer of the female women’s reproductive organs. The diseases treated under this speciality include Ovarian cancer, Cervical cancer, Uterine (endometrial) cancer, Vulvar cancer, Vaginal cancer, Fallopian tube cancer, Gynecologic sarcomas

Besides treatment, the gynecological oncologist also conducts ovarian and endometrial screening for high-risk patients and care for patients with HPV (human papillomavirus) infections.

Hand and Microsurgery is a surgical discipline that manages all traumas and diseases affecting the hand, wrist, or upper limb that affect hand function and where needed, microsurgical reconstruction is performed. The range of services includes:

  • Traumatic injuries including fractures, tendon injuries, digit amputation, nerve lacerations and blood vessel lacerations
  • Congenital abnormalities such as webbed fingers and extra digits on the hands
  • Workplace and overuse injuries, which include carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger and DeQuervain’s Tenosynovitis
  • Arthritis-related deformities such as osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Infections such as from diabetes
  • Tumours: bone and soft tissue – producing deformities

The centre also provides rehabilitation to help individuals achieve optimal function of their hand and upper limbs. Services offered include mobilisation and exercise; fluidotherapy; therapeutic ultrasound; electrical stimulation e.g. TENS and EMS; splinting and pressure garment fabrication; management of oedema, scarring and pain; and programmes on joint protection, work conditioning and ergonomics programme.

Haematology is a discipline which deals with the morphology and physiology of blood and diseases or disorders which affect the blood such as anaemia, leukaemia, lymphoma, and abnormalities of blood coagulation. Haematology services include the enumeration and examination of blood cells, the determination of blood groups, compatibility testing of blood for transfusion and genetic and molecular studies.

Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgeryis a resective surgery which is done to treat chronic diseases of pancreas and liver. This surgical treatment is often performed for benign and malignant diseases of the liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and bile ducts.

The area of Infectious Diseases deals with a range of infectious disease problems caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Infectious diseases may be acquired locally from the community, during travel, through occupational exposure or from other environments. Examples include pneumonia, dengue fever, HIV, tuberculosis, influenza, sexually transmissible infections, viral hepatitis, infections in the immunocompromised, tropical and travel-related infections, and other serious community and hospital-acquired infections.

L - N

Medical Oncology is concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer using chemotherapy (a treatment which uses drugs to destroy cancer cells, usually by stopping the cancer cells’ ability to grow and divide). Our team of dedicated Oncology professionals ensures not only the latest innovations in cancer treatments and technology, but also a personalised and tailored approach for the person with a cancer diagnosis focusing on effective treatments and enhanced quality of life.

Our Medical Oncology will be upgraded in the future to include Radiation Therapy and Nuclear Medicine.

Neonatology is the medical speciality devoted to the care of ill or premature newborn infants, who require special medical care due to prematurity, low birth weight, intrauterine growth retardation, congenital malformations (birth defects), sepsis, pulmonary hyperplasia or birth asphyxias. This care often extends to providing support to the families of such patients, and is practised in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs).

Nephrology is a branch of medicine concerning the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases, including electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the care of those requiring dialysis or renal replacement therapy.

Neurology is a medical discipline that deals with diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the nervous system, which includes the brain, spinal cord, and the nerves. When surgical intervention is required, the Neurologist may refer the patient to a Neurosurgeon.

Neurosurgery is a surgical discipline that deals with the nervous system, including the brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves and extra-cranial cerebrovascular system. Some of the conditions treated by a Neurosurgeon include spinal cord herniation, lumbar spinal stenosis, head/spinal cord trauma, infections, tumours of the spine, some forms of movement disorders, etc.

O - Q

Obstetrics & Gynaecology are two surgical and medical disciplines dealing with the female reproductive organs for both pregnant and non-pregnant patients.

An Ocularist specialises in the fabrication and fitting of ocular prostheses for people who have lost an eye or eyes due to trauma or illness.

Ophthalmology uses diagnostic procedures and patient care to prevent, detect, and treat a range of eye diseases and vision disorders. This includes glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, corneal disease, detached retina, eye infections, and others.

Orthopaedic is the branch of surgery that deals with the prevention or correction of injuries or disorders of the skeletal system and associated muscles, joints and ligaments. Some of the procedures performed by an Orthopaedic Surgeon are knee arthroscopy, knee/hip replacement, repair of fractures, lumbar spinal/sacroiliac joint fusion, etc.

Orthopaedic Surgeons are also responsible for performing surgery on trauma victims who may have sustained injuries to the neck, chest, abdomen, extremities and soft tissue, as well as injuries to the vasculature.

An orthoptist examines and aids in the diagnosis of visual system dysfunctions involving vision, eye movement, eye alignment and binocularity. Orthoptists specialise in the non-surgical treatment of visual disorders such as amblyopia, strabismus and diplopia and are front-line in the assessment and diagnosis of these disorders. Working with ophthalmologists, orthoptists play an active role in the care of many ocular conditions and in formulating and implementing treatment plans for patients.

Paediatrics is a specialist field for the medical needs of infants, children and adolescents, usually up to the age of 18 years. Paediatrics adopts a holistic approach and aims to minimise the adverse effects of disease, while allowing children to live as normal a life as possible. Besides caring for children when they are unwell, paediatrics also offer vaccinations, regular health assessments, among other services.

Pain is a very common condition that may be caused by medical conditions, injury or surgery with back pain being the most commonly reported type of pain. Pain management depends on the history of the pain, its intensity, duration, aggravating and relieving conditions, and the factors involved in causing the pain. Pain management strategies include pain-relieving medication, physical or occupational therapy, complementary therapies, and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).

Plastic and reconstructive surgery is a medical speciality concerned with the “correction” or restoration of form and function. Though cosmetic or aesthetic surgery is the best-known kind of plastic surgery, most plastic surgery is not cosmetic; plastic surgery includes many types of reconstructive surgery, hand surgery, microsurgery, and the treatment of burns.

At SunMed, some of the surgical procedures the plastic & reconstructive surgeon performs include breast enlargement/reconstruction, double eyelid surgery, facelift, cleft lip and palate repair, liposuction, among others.

Podiatrists help prevent, diagnose, and treat conditions associated with the foot and ankle. It is common for patients to see a podiatrist for advice on how to look after their feet and to find out what type of shoes to suit their feet best. Arch and heel pain can be relieved, and your foot re-aligned, by using tailor-made insoles, padding and arch supports which are recommended by a podiatrist. Other foot-related problems seen by podiatrists include toenail problems such as thickened, discoloured, fungal or ingrown toenails, corns and calluses, verrucas, athlete’s foot, smelly feet, dry and cracked heels, flat feet and bunions.

Psychiatry is the medical specialty devoted to the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental disorders, among which are affective, behavioural, cognitive and perceptual abnormalities. A medical doctor specialising in psychiatry is a psychiatrist. Treatment may be delivered on an inpatient or outpatient basis, depending on the severity of functional impairment or on other aspects of the disorder in question.

R - T

Rehabilitation medicine helps people with disabling medical conditions to minimise the impact and complications caused by their disease or disability. In general, rehabilitation medicine serves patients with neurological disabilities, and those with musculoskeletal impairments including the loss of limbs.

The centre also provides services such as developmental paediatrics, physiotherapy, occupational therapy, sports therapy, massage therapy and podiatry.

Respiratory Medicine is concerned with the treatment of lung diseases that can be due to a wide spectrum of conditions. The nature of these conditions can be inherited, congenital, infective, inflammatory, vascular, malignant, allergic, sleep-related, neuromuscular, or airway-related. Services provided include patient assessment and evaluation, diagnostic services such as pulmonary function testing and blood analysis, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, ventilator management, and oxygen and aerosol therapy.

Rheumatology is a sub-speciality devoted to diagnosis and therapy of rheumatic diseases. Consultants who specialise in rheumatology are called rheumatologists. Rheumatologists deal mainly with clinical problems involving joints, soft tissues, autoimmune diseases, and heritable connective tissue disorders.

Spine surgery is typically recommended when nonsurgical treatment such as medications and physical therapy has been tried for a period of time but has not relieved the painful symptoms caused by a patient’s back problem. Spinal surgery is considered only if the exact source of pain can be ascertained. Traditionally, spine surgery is done as open surgery, but technological advancements now allow more and more spine procedures to be carried out using minimally invasive techniques.

U - W

Upper gastrointestinal surgical procedures help treat a range of gastrointestinal and liver diseases. Commonly performed surgeries include hernia repair, cholecystectomy (gallbladder removal), cancer surgery, and fundoplication (to treat oesophageal reflux in patients who have persistent problems despite adequate medical treatment).

Obesity surgery (bariatric surgery ) in conjunction with a proper diet and exercise plan is a procedure that helps patients lose weight and improve obesity-related medical conditions like diabetes mellitus, hypertension and obstructive sleep apnea. The types of obesity surgery available include laparoscopic gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy and gastric bypass.

Urology is the specialty that focuses on the urinary tracts of males and females, and on the reproductive system of males. Urologists diagnose, treat, and manage patients with urological disorders such as benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), cancer of the bladder or prostate, erectile dysfunction, haematuria (blood in the urine), kidney stones, prostate disease, urinary tract infections and vesicoureteral reflux.

Vascular surgery is used to treat vascular diseases – conditions that affect blood vessels and the lymphatic system. Diagnostic procedures like angiography and computerized tomographic angiography (CTA) can help detect vascular conditions. Vascular surgery is performed to treat conditions like carotid artery disease and stroke, claudication, deep vein thrombosis, diabetic foot, lymphedema, mesenteric ischemia, peripheral aneurysm, peripheral artery disease, renal artery disease, thoracic aortic aneurysm, varicose veins and venous insufficiency.